73. Adverbs (1): adjectives and adverbs PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 12 August 2009 14:47

73. Adverbs (1): adjectives and adverbs

 

Here are some adjectives and adverbs:

ADJECTIVE                           ADVERBS

quick                             quickly

careful                          carefully

easy                             easily

 

Compare adverbs and adjectives:

 

ADVERBS

We use adverbs to describe how

someone or something dose an action:

            Peter plays the violin beautifully.

            (Beautifully describes how Peter plays.)

 

ADJECTIVE

We use adjectives to describe people or things.

We use adjectives before nouns, or after be/seem/get:

Look at that beautiful violin!

That violin is beautiful.

 

We form most regular adverbs by adding –ly to the adjective:

slow    ->        slowly             bad      ->        badly

            The whole team played very badly.

 

If an adjective ends with –y, the adverbs ends with –ily:

happy ->        happily            easy    ->        easily

We solved the problem easily.

 

If an adjective ends with –ble, the adverb ends in –bly:

comfortable    ->        comfortably

 

Some adverbs are irregular; they do not end with –ly:

good                ->        well

            He’s a good guitar player. (good = adjective)

            He plays the guitar well. (well = adverbs)

 

Fast and hard are both adjectives and adverbs:

fast      ->        fast                  hard     ->        hard

Maria is a fast learner. (fast = adjective)

            Maria learns fast. (fast = adverb)

            James is a hard worker.  (hard = adjective)

            James works hard.  (hard = adverb)

 

We form the comparative of regular adverbs with more or less:

carefully          ->        more/less carefully

You should do your work more carefully.

She dose her work less carefully than other people.

 

The comparative of well is better:

            She speaks Arabic better than me.

 

The comparative of fast and hard are faster and harder:

            Could you walk faster? We are in hurry.

            You will have to work harder in future.

 

We form the superlative of regular adverbs with the most/the least:

 

more efficiently          ->        the most efficiently

                                                            the least efficiently

            In the office, Alan dose his work the most efficiently

    and Sally does her work the least efficiently.

 

The superlative of well is the best

and the superlative of badly is the worst

            Which member of the team played the best

                and who played the worst?

 

The superlatives of fast and hard are the fastest and the hardest

            They decided to find out who could run the fastest.

            Who works the hardest in your class?
Last Updated on Thursday, 03 September 2009 13:58