75. Adverbs (3): place, direction, sequence PDF Print E-mail
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Wednesday, 12 August 2009 14:54

75. Adverbs (3): place, direction, sequence

 

We use here with the meaning ‘in or to this place/the place

where the speaker is’:

            I’ve been living here for three years.

            Come here, I want to speak to you.

 

We use there with the meaning ‘in or to that place/another place,

away from where the speaker is’:

            Stay there, I’ll come and get you.

            Go and stand there, I’ll take a picture of you.

 

We also use there with the meaning ‘in or to a place

previously mentioned’:

            I lived in France for a year and I made a lot of

                friend while I was there.

 

We often use over here and over there when

we are speaking informally:

           Come over here and sit down.

 

Some common adverbs describing a place or a movement

in a particular direction are:

 

            abroad (= in/to another country), ahead,

            away, back, downstairs/upstairs, in/out,

            inside/outside (= in or out of building),

            nearby, forward(s)/backward(s)/sideways

 

            Mary is abroad but she’s coming back soon.

            She run downstairs and opened the front door.

            He walked out, saying that he couldn’t stay.

            The queue slowly moved forward(s).

 

Notice that we use out with the meaning

‘not at home/work etc. for part of a day or a day’

and away with the meaning ‘not at home/work etc.

for more than a day’:

 

            Mr Butler is out at the moment.

                He’ll be back at around twelve o’clock.

            Mr Butler is away this week.

                He’s at a three-day conference.

 

We often use these adverbial phrases when

giving someone directions to a place:

 

            straight on/ahead, turn left/right, on the

            left/right (to say where something is), to the

            left/right (for movement), as far as

 

            Go straight on. When you come to the

                traffic lights, turn right. The first road on

                the left is the one you want.

 

When we talk about a number of actions or

events that happen one after the other, we

can indicate the order with these adverbs and

adverbial phase:

 

            first(ly)/fast of all, second(ly), third(ly), etc.,

            last(ly), finally

 

Instead of using secondly, thirdly, etc., we

often use these adverbs and adverbial phrases

to link actions or events in a sequence:

 

            then, next, afterwards, after all

 

            To make this dish, firstly you chop some

                tomatoes, then you get some garlic ...

            First of all I went to Paris, after that I spent

                some time in Switzerland, then I travelled

                round Germany and finally I went to Holland.

Last Updated on Thursday, 03 September 2009 13:58