|75. Adverbs (3): place, direction, sequence|
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|Wednesday, 12 August 2009 14:54|
75. Adverbs (3): place, direction, sequence
We use here with the meaning ‘in or to this place/the place
where the speaker is’:
I’ve been living here for three years.
Come here, I want to speak to you.
We use there with the meaning ‘in or to that place/another place,
away from where the speaker is’:
Stay there, I’ll come and get you.
Go and stand there, I’ll take a picture of you.
We also use there with the meaning ‘in or to a place
I lived in France for a year and I made a lot of
friend while I was there.
We often use over here and over there when
we are speaking informally:
Come over here and sit down.
Some common adverbs describing a place or a movement
in a particular direction are:
abroad (= in/to another country), ahead,
away, back, downstairs/upstairs, in/out,
inside/outside (= in or out of building),
Mary is abroad but she’s coming back soon.
She run downstairs and opened the front door.
He walked out, saying that he couldn’t stay.
The queue slowly moved forward(s).
Notice that we use out with the meaning
‘not at home/work etc. for part of a day or a day’
and away with the meaning ‘not at home/work etc.
for more than a day’:
Mr Butler is out at the moment.
He’ll be back at around twelve o’clock.
Mr Butler is away this week.
He’s at a three-day conference.
We often use these adverbial phrases when
giving someone directions to a place:
straight on/ahead, turn left/right, on the
left/right (to say where something is), to the
left/right (for movement), as far as
Go straight on. When you come to the
traffic lights, turn right. The first road on
the left is the one you want.
When we talk about a number of actions or
events that happen one after the other, we
can indicate the order with these adverbs and
first(ly)/fast of all, second(ly), third(ly), etc.,
Instead of using secondly, thirdly, etc., we
often use these adverbs and adverbial phrases
to link actions or events in a sequence:
then, next, afterwards, after all
To make this dish, firstly you chop some
tomatoes, then you get some garlic ...
First of all I went to Paris, after that I spent
some time in Switzerland, then I travelled
round Germany and finally I went to Holland.
|Last Updated on Thursday, 03 September 2009 13:58|